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'Abbey' is a big medieval mansion or manor house in East Berkshire. It is near Marlow.
- It was not an 'Abbey'. The abbey, or
priory, stood next door. It was demolished in the
- The house is a medieval
hall house. It was built for soldier-monks called the Knights
Templar in the 1260s.
- The Knights Templar lived like monks at Bisham,
but they also had to protect pilgrims when they travelled to the Holy Land in
the Middle East.
- They were very secretive and became very powerful
in Europe. The King of France was jealous and made up bad stories about them.
So the Pope banned the organization and told the King of England to seize all
their land in this country.
- Edward II kept the Queen of Scotland prisoner
- Later, it was given to the Earls of Salisbury.
They lived there for many years. The 2nd Earl locked
up a princess there. The 5th Earl and
his son, the famous Earl
of Warwick, were both killed in the War of the Roses.
- In Tudor Times, the Hoby family lived
there. They built a big tower on the back.
- The Vansittart-Neales lived there in Victorian
and Modern Times. It now belongs to the National Sports Council. The England Football Team
- The house is famous for its
ghost. It is the most haunted house in Berkshire.