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Top Royal Church stands in
St. George's Chapel
is the Queen's private chapel at Windsor Castle.
It is the size of a cathedral. There are no other churches this big in
small chapel at
the castle was built in the 1240s. King Edward
III rebuilt it for the Order of the Garter
and set up a college of canons (like a monastery
for vicars) which is still there today.
In the 1470s,
after he had won the War of the Roses, King
Edward IV had a new and much bigger chapel built for the Garter Knights. This
is the building that stands today. He had all the best craftsmen work on it so
that it was the best church in the country. The vaulting of the roof inside is
The old stall
plates (showing coats of arms of the Garter Knights) were moved to the new choir
stalls (seats). New ones have been added ever
since. The stalls have very ornate carvings and funny misericords (bum rests).
Edward IV was
buried in St. George's Chapel behind magnificent metal gates that you can
still see. After that, most of the English kings and queens and other royalty
decided to be buried there too.
King Henry VII
had his uncle, Henry VI, buried there. People thought he was a holy man or
saint. Lots of pilgrims visited his tomb.
King Henry VIII
wanted to be buried beneath a huge monument; but it was never finished and
King Charles I
was quietly buried there after he had his head chopped off.
The chapel was an
important place of pilgrimage. It had lots of
The body of King
The body of John
Schorne (who people said had trapped the devil in a boot!).
The arm and heart
of St. George.
The 'Cross of
Gneth' (a large piece of the cross that Jesus died on).
The college at the
chapel survived the Reformation because the
canons were not monks and they worked for the King. However, it was ransacked
by the Parliamentary soldiers during the Civil War.
It lost many treasures, including its Chapter House.
Queen Victoria had
the Albert Memorial Chapel built in 1863 as a memorial to her husband.
The Knights of the
Garter still meet at St. George's Chapel on Garter Day in June every year.