Maps & Travels
Towns & Villages
Castles & Houses
Odds & Ends
about Religious Changes,
especially in Tudor Reading
- After King Henry VIII reformed the
Church in England, the people from the North were particularly
unhappy. They started a rebellion (a war against the King) called
the 'Pilgrimage of Grace'.
- Their leader, Robert Aske, wrote a list of things they wanted
changed, called 'Aske's Manifesto'.
- The King made it illegal to have a copy. Sir George Throckmorton
didn't know this. He took a copy to show his friends in a London
pub. Sir William Essex made a copy & brought it back to his home
at Lambourn Place in Berkshire.
- Soon afterwards, copies appeared all over Reading.
- Sir George went to visit Sir William. He stopped at Coley
Park to see Thomas Vachell. He was just off to see the King to
tell him what was going on in Reading.
- Sir George stayed the night with his brother-in-law at Englefield
House. He warned him how dangerous it was to have a copy of
Aske's Manifesto. So Sir George burnt his one.
- When Sir George arrived at Lambourn, he found Sir William very
worried. It turned out, his servant had stolen Sir William's copy of
the manifesto and given it out at the Cardinal's
Hat in Reading. That's why it was now all
over the town.
- The servant was sent to the King to be punished. King Henry was
very unhappy. Sir George and Sir William were thrown into the Tower
- Luckily they were released after a few months. They spent the rest
of their lives trying to make it up to the King.