Maps & Travels
Towns & Villages
Castles & Houses
Odds & Ends
across the Berkshire part of the Thames
- Hillforts are what they sound
like: simple forts built on hills. Many can be seen around Berkshire
today. They are sometimes called 'castles'.
- You also get valley forts too.
Abingdon had one of these.
- They cover large areas of land
and are surrounded by big earth banks and ditches. The banks
originally had strong wooden walls on top, but they have rotted away.
- Some small hillforts were built
in the Bronze Age. Most were built in the
- An Iron Age chief would arrange
for his people to build a hillfort. It would keep them and their stores of
food safe. This was especially true in times of war.
- Inside the fort, there were lots
of very large thatched round houses. Their roofs nearly reached to the
- There would also be lots of pits
of storing grain. When sealed over with clay, the grain would not rot
and could last for a very long time.
- There might also be small
granaries on stilts for grain storage; and perhaps a temple to a
- The Uffington White Horse was
the symbol of the god worshipped at Uffington Castle next door.
- There are 22 hillforts in the
Berkshire part of the Thames Valley. Is there one near