History Homework Help David Nash Ford's Royal Berkshire History for Kids

  RBH Home
  Maps & Travels
  Towns & Villages
  Castles & Houses
  Family History
  Odds & Ends
  For Kids
  Teacher's Page
  Mail David


Francis Baily
Rich banker becomes Astronomer Extraordinaire

Francis Baily, Astronomer -  Nash Ford Publishing


  • Francis Baily lived in the late 18th century. He was the son of a banker from Newbury, though most of his family came from Thatcham
  • As a young man he visited parts of America where there were no Europeans and only Native Americans lived. He was nearly shipwrecked twice & had great adventures.
  • Francis became a stockbroker, dealing in stocks and shares in London. He became very rich and wrote lots of books about money.
  • He was fascinated by astronomy (the study of the stars & planets) & wrote lots of books about this too. He was especially interested in Solar eclipses (when the Moon passes in front of the Sun & it all goes dark).
  • He was one of the members who started the 'Astronomical Society' & wrote its rules. This is a very famous society.
  • At 51, Baily retired from business so that he could concentrate on his astronomy.
  • He lived in St. Pancras (Middlesex) & spent a very long time correcting people's catalogues of stars & doing lots of experiments. The most difficult one was to work out the weight of the Earth.
  • He still liked to watch eclipses. He is best known for taking note of how, during an eclipse, the Sun's crescent of light breaks up into small 'beads' of light. This is known as 'Baily's Beads'.
  • In 1841, Baily was knocked down by a horse & rider. His health never recovered. He died 3 years later & was buried in the family vault under Thatcham Church.


    Nash Ford Publishing 2004. All Rights Reserved. Suitable for National Curriculum History Key Stage 2.